Sep 30, 2015

Fountains of Crete

Crete has gone through many changes, especially during the medieval times. Crete has been under the Ottoman, the Arabic, the Venetian and the Genovian rule, leaving it with numerous monuments of different styles from the same period. Some of the most famous, but scattered all over Crete, are the fountains. Fountains and wells always were of great importance, generally symbolising life, nature or even the word of God himself. Venetians and Ottomans were renowned for their craftsmanship and  small masterpieces still remain in Crete.
The most celebrated fountain of Crete is none other that the Morosini Fountain, commonly known as “Lions”. Built by the Venetians in 1628, it was used to bring drinking water in the town, and still is considered the heart of the town. The Bembo fountain (built around 1552-1554) in Kornarou Square, is also Venetian and shows a very unique artistry and style. Just opposite, the visitor can see the Charity fountain (built in 1776), that today is used as a café.
In Rethymnon, the Rimondi Fountain is a prime example of craftsmanship of the Venetians. The water runs from sculptured heads in three different divisions, along with four Corinthian-style columns. Also in Heraklion one can see the Sagrendo Fountain, the Priuli fountain, the Koubes fountain, the Idomeneas fountain and the Genitsar Aga Fountain. Close to Heraklion, just outside the Vrondisi monastery, the Venetian fountain Monofatsi consists a number of sculptures, among them four heads that spring water, creating the impression of wind that flows.